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The dangerous tooth sensitivity

nadwrażliwość zębówIt’s a very unpleasant ailment. People suffering from tooth sensitivity need to deny themselves the regular, daily pleasures (such as eating ice cream, drinking warm drinks or eating sour/sweet foods).

Most of the time, it’s all our fault. We don’t control what kind of foods are we consuming, damage the enamel (for example, by a long-term usage of whitening toothpastes) and avoid treating diseases such as the cavities. Tooth sensitivity applies to both single teeth and entire dental arches, plus it never goes away on its own, worsening if left untreated.

How does it start?

Many people suffer from sensitive teeth. Surely some of your friends needed to treat it themselves or are struggling with it right now. But what exactly are the causes of sensitivity?

The most important ones are:

 

  • Teeth grinding (bruxism).
  • Dental treatments (such as whitening or scaling).
  • Smoking cigarettes.
  • Periodontitis.
  • Improper tooth brushing.
  • Acquired tooth injuries.
  • Consuming too many drinks which have digesting properties (and are able to damage the enamel), such as Coca-Cola or lemon juices.

How to treat sensitive teeth?

Luckily, if the sensitivity is still in its early phase, we can deal with the problem ourselves, without the need to visit the dentist.

The most important thing is choosing the correct toothbrush – it needs to have soft bristles, which won’t deepen our already damaged gums and will be able to clean the surface of the enamel very gently. Aside of the toothbrush, buying a special toothpaste is recommended as well. It should have the lowest level of abrasiveness, RDA = 30 – 70. While brushing our teeth, we shouldn’t scrub our teeth, but rather make rotary movements with our hand.

Remember! Never brush your teeth right after consuming fizzy drinks or lemon juices. We should wait AT LEAST 60 minutes. The reason for that is the possibility of the enamel eroding while brushing, as the aforementioned products cause the protective layers of our teeth to temporarily disappear.

In the situation when our problem is already quite serious, consulting a professional is a better choice. The treatment includes:

 

  • Fluorisation
  • Stimulation of mineralization
  • Composite filling
  • Impregnation

 

Unfortunately, tooth sensitivity might lead to the roots being exposed. In this case, gingival graft is required. This procedure is available only to the people who don’t smoke cigarettes though. That’s why we should react immediately after noticing the first symptoms of tooth sensitivity.