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Oral hygiene for the elderly

5 January 2018

Amongst the elderly, the mouth cavity disorders of many types are a frequent occurence. A good oral hygiene at this time is very important, as it allows us to avoid most of the diseases. The regular dentist visits on the other hand make diagnosis of these diseases much easier. The rules of proper oral hygiene remain the same – we need to brush our teeth twice a day, floss the interdental surfaces and visit our dentist. Which disorders are the most common amongst the elderly though?

Cavities amongst the elderly

As we get older, our enamel weakens, which makes monitoring our teeth in order to seek out the root cavities so important. In order to avoid them, brush your teeth every day using a toothpaste containing fluoride or xylitol.

Tooth sensitivites at old age

Tooth sensitivities are amongst the problems which grow more severe with age, manifesting by excruciating pain while eating cold, hot, sour or sweet foods or drinks. If you’re struggling with this problem, buy a toothpaste specially for the sensitive teeth and ask your dentist for advice.

Problems with cleaning dentures

Many elderly need to wear fixed or removable dentures. Remember to clean them regularly! In order to do that, buy a special toothbrush and a toothpaste, while disinfecting the dentures using a special liquid once a week. Visit your dentist for examination once a year.

Dry mouth

The most common ailment is the feeling of dry mouth. It’s caused by the changes occuring in our body, quite often related to the medicine we take. This ailment seems trivial at first, but when left untreated, it might lead to cavities and mouth ulcers. If you’re struggling with a dry, burning sensation in your mouth, consult your doctor in order to get advice regarding minimizing these effects.

Gum inflammation – periodontitis

Many adults suffer from this disease. It might be caused by:

  • improper oral hygiene,
  • failing to remove the tartar,
  • bad diet,
  • stimulants, mostly cigarettes,
  • some diseases, such as cancer or diabetes,
  • some of the medicines.

Detecting inflammated gums early will prevent us from losing them later. That’s why, if you’ll notice the first symptoms such as bleeding, swollen gums or pain, you should visit your dentist immediately.

Taking care of the teeth by the elderly is extremely important – it allows us to avoid many dangerous diseases and keep our natural teeth for longer. Remember that some of the mouth dieases don’t come from nowhere – they might be caused by systemic diseases such as cancer or diabetes. That’s why you should let your dentist know about them.

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