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Mouth ulcers – how to deal with them?

aftyMouth ulcers are small blisters appearing within our oral cavity. Their approximate size is usually between 1mm and 2cm. They are sores which attack mostly the inner parts between cheeks and gums. Their presence doesn’t last long – they usually remain in our mouth for a few days at most, but the overall feeling is very unpleasant and painful, leading to problems with swallowing saliva, speaking and eating.

When examined up close, this coating resembles small, white pimples surrounded by red, inflammated rims. Their appearance still hasn’t been fully explained, as the scientists are still researching mouth ulcers, trying to find out why they appear in the first place. Luckily, they can be cured easily and fast. Everything depends on the correct diagnosis and contacting the specialist.


Before starting the treatment, we should find out what kind of mouth ulcers are we dealing with. We distinguish small and big ones.

Small ulcers are more common and tend to be recurring. The most frequent cause of their appearance is one of the following:


  • Strong antibiotics
  • Stress
  • Tooth diseases
  • Alergies
  • Bad oral hygiene
  • Smoking cigarettes


Big ulcers are much rarer, with their causes being:


  • Improper oral hygiene
  • Diseases (such as autoimmune, hormone or genetic disorders)
  • Vitamin and mineral deficiency
  • Bad diet (full of hard foods and containing preservatives)


In order to effectively remove mouth ulcers, contacting the dentist is the best choice, as he’ll perform the procedure which will burn the sores. It’s the fastest and more effective way to get rid of them. If we want to take care of the coating ourselves, purchasing gels avaible at the pharmacies (no prescription required). The wounds will heal completely within 2 weeks. Unfortunately, most common mouth ulcers are recurring in nature – we will never know when they’ll return.

Home remedies

We can try treat our mouth using homemade, natural solutions. Using a special rinse every day is heavily recommended – simply put a half a teaspoon of salt into a cup of warm water. Then we soak the q-tip in the liquid and rub it over the inflammated spots.

A tea solution works well too. We soak the teabag in boiling water, then we pull it out, cool it down a little, squeeze the water out and apply it to the mouth ulcers.

Taking care of a proper diet is a good idea as well. Until the mouth ulcers heal completely, we should eat soft, warm products. Yoghurts, puddings, milk and ice cream are very good choices as well. Adding an onion to our menu is recommended.

When it comes to the forbidden products, we should definitely avoid sweets, chocolate, foods with intense taste, along with the dishes which are sour, spicy or salty.

The most important preventive means are maintaining good oral hygiene and, of course, visiting our dentist every 6 months. If we’ll notice mouth ulcers appearing in our mouths multiple times within a single year, we should contact the specialist as soon as possible.