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How hard should your toothbrush be?

28 June 2017

Not all of us are aware that while choosing our toothbrush we shouldn’t pay attention to the price and design only. Choosing the right head size, its shape, the desired type and bristle positioning are all very important too. The most important thing though is adjusting the bristle hardness to our individual needs. The toothbrush chosen wrongly won’t be able to clean our teeth perfectly, in fact, it might damage them.

Avaible bristle hardness

We can find four types of bristle hardness on the market:

  • specialistic (below 0,12 mm in diameter). These toothbrushes are outfitted with very thin, elastic bristles. Recommended for people wearing braces and dentures. They don’t irritate the insides of our mouth after surgical procedures and serious periodontal diseases,
  • soft (bristle diameter between 0,18-0,20 mm) – anybody can use them, as they remove the plaque and residue very carefully. Because of their soft and elastic bristles, it’s impossible to irritate our oral cavity. That’s why such toothbrushes are recommended mostly to the people who struggle with senitive teeth and gums, along with those whose tooth necks have been exposed,
  • moderately hard (bristle diameter between 0,20-0,25 mm). The toothbrushes with such bristles can by used by anyone, as long as they don’t suffer from sensitive teeth/gums or periodontal dieases,
  • hard (between 0,25-0,35 mm in diameter) – their bristles are the thickest and least elastic. Suitable only for the people with healthy teeth and gums. They are the best at removing superficial discolorations caused by smoking or drinking coloring drinks. Because of the possibility of gum irritation and enamel damages, it’s important for the users of these toothbrushes to learn the correct brushing technique. We should also alternate between using this toothbrush and another, softer one.

Which hardness level would be the best for me?

If you’re not sure which toothbrush would work the best for you, the safest choice would be the one with moderately hard bristles. These bristles will clean your teeth with utmost precision, plus they won’t be able to damage the enamel. If you’re suffering from any ailments though, don’t risk it and choose the one with soft bristles. If you want to use the one with hard bristles in order to remove the residue and discolorations, make sure that you know how to brush your teeth properly and that there are not any dieases forming within your mouth.

Keep in mind that, if you’re suffering from periodontal diseases, wearing braces or having other health problems with your oral cavity, the perfect toothbrush should be purchased after consulting your dentist first.

While choosing your toothbrush, remember about:

  • bristle type – it can be the cleaning (more delicate, doesn’t damage the gums) or polishing (more effective at removing residue and dental plaque) one,
  • size of the head – the smaller heads reach the places hardest to reach easier,
  • shape of the head – it should be slightly stenotic at the top,
  • bristle thickness and its tips – the best toothbrushes are the ones with thick bristles, with rounded tips.

In order for the toothbrush to effectively clean our teeth, it’s important to choose it wisely, according to the rules mentioned above. Just remember that even the best toothbrush will harm your teeth if you won’t replace it regularly!