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Gum inflammation – the start of serious periodontal diseases

21 June 2017

Gum inflammation is, along with cavity, the most common ailment within our oral cavity. According to the researchers, a significant majority of people suffers from inflammated gums. Despite of not being particularly dangerous on its own, the untreated inflammation might lead to inflammatory gum disease. What are the causes of gum inflammations and how should we treat them?

How does the gum inflammation start?

The causes include:

– bad oral hygiene,
– some of the systemic diseases, such as diabetes or anemia,
– stimulants, especially cigarettes,
– malnutrition, bulimia, anorexia,
– hormonal fluctuations.

The most frequent cause however is a bad oral hygiene. The inflammation is then caused by the dental plaque, which is made out of a layer of colorless bacteria. as result of inproper care of our teeth, the plaque sticks to them. One of the consequences of this process are gums irritated by the biofilm, which creates toxins. When left alone, the dental plaque turns into tartar, which is a perfect environment for the bacteria to multiply in. This leads to an even faster development of gum inflammation.

At this stage, the ailment can still be treated relatively easily, while the processes occuring in our gums can all be fixed. The problems start when the inflammation reaches the bone and connective tissue.

How to diagnose gum inflammation?

The most common symptoms of gum inflammation are:

– reddening,
– pain when touched,
– swelling,
– bad breath,
– bleeding gums, at first during brushing, in the later stages of illness the gums will bleed even while consuming soft foods,
– receeding gums and tooth neck exposure.

If you’ll notice some of these symptoms in your mouth, you’re most likely dealing with gum inflammation. In its advanced stage, the disease can cause the periodontal pockets to appear, these will collect more dental plaque and food remains. This results in the increased risk of cavities, bad breath and tartar forming.

How to cure inflammated gums

Gum inflammation is reversible. The first thing we should keep in mind is to stick to good oral hygiene, as it helps us remove the plaque regularly. The very basis of the treatment is brushing our teeth 2 – 3 times per day, using a dental floss or interdental toothbrushes and finishing every cleaning procedure with a mouthwash, preferrably antiseptic. Home remedies can be useful as well, especially washing our mouth out with sage/camomile/clove oil infusion.
If there’s tartar on our teeth,  aprofessional removal by the dentist is necessary.

Better prevent than cure!

Prevent gum inflammations by:

– brushing your teeth with a soft toothbrush, no matter if it’s electric or manual,
– cleaning the interdental surfaces at least once a day,
– using a mouthwash,
– eating healthy food rich in calcium and vitamins,
– visiting our dentist regularly (at least once ever 6 – 12 months),
– giving up on stimulants, such as smoking tobacco.

Gum inflammation is a serious problem, which might lead to some negative consequences, and which can be prevented easily. If you’re worried about the state of your gums after noticing one of the aforementioned symptoms, ask your dentist for advice.